Bihar Board Class 9th Maths Solutions Chapter 2 Polynomials Ex 2.3 Textbook Questions and Answers.

## BSEB Bihar Board Class 9th Maths Solutions Chapter 2 Polynomials Ex 2.3

Question 1.

Find the remainder when x³ + 3x² + 3x + 1 is divided by

(i) x + 1

(ii) x – \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\)

(iii) x

(iv) x + π

(v) 5 + 2x

Solution:

(i) By remainder theorem, the required remainder is equal to p(- 1).

Now, p(x) = x³ + 3x² + 3x + 1

∴ p(- 1) = (- 1)³ + 3(- 1)² + 3(- 1) + 1

= – 1 + 3 – 3 + 1 = 0

Hence, required remainder = p(- 1) = 0

(ii) By remainder theorem, the required remainder is equal p(\(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\))

(iii) By remainder theorem, the required remainder is equal to p(0).

Now, p(x) = x³ + 3x² + 3x + 1

∴ p(0) = 0 + 0+ 0 + 1 = 1

Hence, the required remainder = p(0) = 1

(iv) By remainder theorem the required remainder is p(~ n)

Now p(x) = x³ + 3x² + 3x + 1

∴ p(- π) = (- π)³ + 3(- π)² + 3(- π) + 1

= – π³ + 3π² – 3π + 1

(v) By remainder theorem, the required remainder is 5 p(- \(\frac { 5 }{ 2 }\))

Question 2.

Find the remainder when x³ – ax² + 6x – a is divided by x – a.

Solution:

Let p(x) = x³ – ax² + 6x – a

By remainder theorem, when p(x) is divided by x – a. Then, remainder = p(a)

∴ p(x) = a³ – a . a² + 6a – a

= a³ – a³ + 6a – a = 5a

Question 3.

Check whether 7 + 3x is a factor of 3x² + 7x

Solution:

7 + 3x will be a factor of p{x) = 3x² + 7x if p(-\(\frac { 7 }{ 3 }\)) = 0